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I was born in 1931 in Doniphan, Missouri and grew up in a small farming
community in the 1930’s and 1940’s. The town of Doniphan had 1600
inhabitants. I spent most of my after school hours working in the grocery
store my father managed, learning about groceries, meats, and fresh
I had a keen interest in the people of the community and their state of health. At
that time, most of the diseases were caused by bacteria such as diphtheria,
polio, measles, mumps, malaria, rabbit fever, etc. The health of pets and farm
animals caught my interest as well.
It was exciting for me to see the changes in the health of humans and other
animals as the nutritional developments of the 1940s were being implemented.
The eggs no longer had soft shells; birth defects were less frequent among
humans and the other animals. There were so few chronic diseases among the
people, I considered them rare!
Four years after graduating high school, I chose to attend college. This required
about five and a half years in order to acquire a BS and MS degrees in the Food
Science Department, at the University of Missouri. From there, I attended
Michigan State University, earning a Ph.D. in Food Science & Nutrition in 1961.
My studies provided both an understanding of the composition of the human
body as well as the composition of foods.